Vladimir Romanenko, Larisa Malinovska, Galina Nikitina

The present article summarises some findings of educators from St. Petersburg and Jelgava in the research in competences and skills necessary for engineers and the ways how to improve the process of studies to develop them applying different new methods.

Exchanging of experience among teachers and sharing ideas help a lot to make this process faster and easier; co-operation among teachers promotes also co-operation among students and it, in turn, disseminates information not only at national but also international level. Teachers and students can learn a lot from one another and it allows for omitting of some unnecessary stages in the research processes.

Studying pedagogical publications and proceedings of scientific conferences it can be seen that there are numerous articles dealing with engineering education. One of the most essential problems in this field is determination of the competences that are necessary to be acquired by the future engineers for them to be able to integrate in the labour market after graduation, to hold the posts they have managed to occupy and to make a career in their professional lives afterwards. As the graduates from the university will be faced with different challenges starting their professional life, they should be equipped with certain key competences that will help them find solutions in different situations in their professional as well as everyday life. Highly developed competences of graduates are important as they demonstrate the quality of higher education at the same time they ensure competitiveness in the labour market not only for the graduates themselves but also for the country they live and work in. Human resources determine the level of the development of the country, the living standard and competitiveness in the global economic system.
Only knowing exactly what should be taught, what skills should be trained and what competences developed it is possible to organise the process of studies in the way that the set aims are achieved most efficiently.